GOOD HEALTH FOR YOUR PET

Your dog is your best friend. He or she will be there for you no matter what. At E&A Family Pets, we offer a full one-year health guarantee for all our pups. We want the best of health for all of our pets – and know you would not have it any other way either.

There are many things to consider when trying to design a health care program for your pet. Don’t feed them table food. Brush their teeth three times a week. Make sure your pets are vaccinated. Exercise your pet three times a day for 15 minutes. These are just a few of the pointers you will hear from your family and friends. While all of these have some validity, you and your vet are the ones who need to decide what kind of health care is best for your pet.

FINDING A VETERINARIAN
First, your dog will need a veterinary to take care of it during its whole life, someone that will give you good advice when you have any doubt or problem. It is not a bad idea to ask the neighbors who have dogs what is the name of the clinic they take their dogs to and their opinion about it since it is important to find a reasonably close place to take the dog, but it must be a clinic from which you have good references. A good veterinary clinic must offer you the following:
• Qualification and experience: A very well prepared staff, people with experience, people who constantly update their veterinary knowledge.
• Customer service: The whole personnel at the clinic must be kind with your dog and take the necessary time to explain things to you.
• Facilities: he clinic must have a good maintenance service, be well equipped and have as many test laboratories as possible, sanitary residence and operating room.
• Fees: emand a good quality/price relation, which doesn't mean you should choose the cheapest one, no matter how bad it is. Ask how much they will charge you before using any service.
• Emergency service: Ask what kind of services they offer out of commercial schedule. Whenever possible, choose a clinic you can easily visit, at any time, when you have an emergency.
With many canine illnesses and dog health problems, you won't be able to tell anything is wrong by just observing your dog. A yearly physical gives your veterinarian the chance to evaluate your dog's health and detect canine health problems before they turn into serious dog diseases or illnesses. Taking your pet to the veterinarian once a year is the equivalent of you seeing your physician once every 7 years. Senior dogs (6+ years) should make biannual visits for optimal dog health care. Research shows that a lack of veterinarian care has been a leading factor in the relinquishment of dogs to animal shelters

VACCINATIONS
Veterinarians believe vaccinations save the lives of millions of dogs. There are many types of vaccines available. One set of vaccinations are considered critical for all dogs because they protect against serious diseases that can sometimes be fatal. Before leaving our kennel, all pups will have received a 7-way vaccine to protect against the following diseases:

• Distemper virus spreads from dog to dog by respiratory secretions. The virus is usually fatal, especially in puppies. It's the leading cause of death among unvaccinated puppies 3-8 months of age. The first vaccination should begin at 6-8 weeks of age.
• Adenovirus causes liver and kidney damage and severe respiratory infections. Adenovirus vaccination is usually included with the distemper virus vaccination. Annual booster shots are recommended.
• Parvovirus is a viral disease that affects puppies more often than adult dogs. The virus causes diarrhea and in severe cases, it can infect the heart, causing death. This vaccine should be given early (6-8 weeks old). Annual booster shots are recommended.
• Rabies attacks the brain and is usually passed through a bite and can affect animals and people. Once the signs of rabies are visible, it is almost always fatal. Vaccinate at 6 months of age (check for your state's requirements), repeat in one year, and in most cases revaccinate every three years. In most areas in the U.S., rabies shots are required for public safety.
• Coronavirus attacks the small intestines causing lethargy, anorexia, and depression. It is usually passed from dog to dog contact in kennels and dog parks. This vaccination is usually included with the distemper combination.
• Bordetellosis is caused by the bacterium Bordetella bronchiseptica and can lead to a severe, chronic cough known as kennel cough. It is usually passed along from dog to dog in kennels and at dog shows.
• Lyme disease is transmitted to dogs by deer ticks. It may cause flu-like symptoms and stiff joints. At-risk dogs should be vaccinated beginning at 9-12 weeks of age, repeated in 3 weeks, and then annually.
• Leptospirosis develops from a type of bacteria, Leptospira, that infects the kidneys and liver, which causes severe damage. This disease can be spread to humans. This vaccination is usually included with the distemper combination.

Your pup will need more vaccines - and remember, not all vaccination programs are the same. Ask your dog's vet for a schedule specific to your dog's health care needs. This will also remind you when it's time to vaccinate. Also, be sure to ask him or her if it's necessary to revaccinate beyond puppyhood.

NUTRITION

What your dog eats, how much he eats, and when he eats will vary by dog and owner. Click the attached link for information on different dog foods available and how each can affect your pet.

OTHER HEALTH CONSIDERATIONS
Dogs will get parasites if not properly treated for a variety of parasitic conditions. Again, all pups leaving our kennel have received worm medication prior to leaving our facility to help them get off to a healthy start in their life.

Fleas and ticks are the most common parasitic skin diseases found in dogs. Intense itching, hair loss, and crusting of the skin around the dog's ears, front legs, chest, and abdomen are signs of an infestation. Upon close examination of a dog's infected skin, fleas or ticks can usually be found. To prevent and treat fleas and ticks, there are several options to consider. Your veterinarian can prescribe spot-on applications, flea/tick collars, or medicated treats.

A sample of brands and types of products for flea and tick control to choose from are Advantix®, Frontline®, Heartgard®, Program®, and Revolution®. The generic names for flea and tick medications include amitraz, fipronil, ivermectin, lufenuron, nitenpyram, permethrin, and selamectin.

Intestinal worms, including tapeworms, hookworms, and roundworms, can cause dog health problems such as diarrhea, weight loss, dry hair, and vomiting. In some cases, there are no symptoms and the worms can be passed from mothers to offspring during pregnancy.

There are many types of intestinal worms:
• Tapeworms are one of the most common intestinal parasites in dogs. Dogs contract tapeworm by licking and swallowing fleas that are carrying tapeworm eggs.
• Hookworms and whipworms can cause anemia by sucking large amounts of blood from the intestinal wall vessels of dogs.
• Roundworms are particularly dangerous because they can infect humans; they infect children more often than adults.
Regular de-worming preparations (once per month) for dog health care can control and eliminate most parasitic worm infestations. Worm medications for dogs include ivermectin, milbemycin oxime, nitroscanate, and praziquantel

Heartworm is a disease in dogs that is spread by mosquitoes, causing damage to many organs, respiratory problems, and heart failure. This disease is not easily detected so a veterinarian should determine whether your dog is heartworm-free.  You can easily prevent heartworm. Start treatment when a dog reaches 12 weeks of age. Regularly administer daily, monthly, or yearly medications. Some heartworm pills also prevent intestinal parasites and include a flea prevention component. Many brands are available by prescription: Filaribits®, Heartgard®, Interceptor®, Iverhart® Plus, Revolution®, and Sentinel®. The generic names for heartworm medications for dogs include diethylcarbamazine citrate, ivermectin, milbemycin oxime, and selamectin.

Ear mites cause severe irritation in the ears of dogs. Mites cannot be seen without magnification, but they produce a black crusty discharge. The dog will scratch the hair off the back of his or her ears for relief. Ear mites cannot be treated with a thorough cleaning alone. Cleanings by a veterinarian need to be followed by prescription medication. Eardrops, oral medications and injections will help clear up conditions. Dips, sprays, and powders can be used afterward to prevent additional outbreaks.

Ringworm is a fungal skin infection of dogs that is contagious to humans. The appearance of circular patches and hair loss are the usual indicators of the fungal infection. Seek treatment immediately and keep children away from the dog throughout this period. Other pets in the household should be checked, too.

There are many other health care topics concerning a dog that can be covered. Adequate exercise, dog diseases, and safety are just a few topics that you and your veterinarian can discuss to develop the best health care plan for your dog.

 
 
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